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一种煤矿顶板灾害防治知识图谱构建方法

罗香玉 杜浩 华颖 解盘石 吕文玉

罗香玉,杜浩,华颖,等. 一种煤矿顶板灾害防治知识图谱构建方法[J]. 工矿自动化,2024,50(6):54-60.  doi: 10.13272/j.issn.1671-251x.2023120032
引用本文: 罗香玉,杜浩,华颖,等. 一种煤矿顶板灾害防治知识图谱构建方法[J]. 工矿自动化,2024,50(6):54-60.  doi: 10.13272/j.issn.1671-251x.2023120032
LUO Xiangyu, DU Hao, HUA Ying, et al. A method for constructing a knowledge graph of coal mine roof disaster prevention and control[J]. Journal of Mine Automation,2024,50(6):54-60.  doi: 10.13272/j.issn.1671-251x.2023120032
Citation: LUO Xiangyu, DU Hao, HUA Ying, et al. A method for constructing a knowledge graph of coal mine roof disaster prevention and control[J]. Journal of Mine Automation,2024,50(6):54-60.  doi: 10.13272/j.issn.1671-251x.2023120032

一种煤矿顶板灾害防治知识图谱构建方法

doi: 10.13272/j.issn.1671-251x.2023120032
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金面上项目(52174126);陕西省杰出青年科学基金项目(2023-JC-JQ-42);陕西省高校青年创新团队项目(23JP098)。
详细信息
    作者简介:

    罗香玉(1984—),女,河北宁晋人,副教授,博士,主要研究方向为智慧矿山、大数据分析和知识图谱,E-mail:luoxiangyu@xust.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TD326/67

A method for constructing a knowledge graph of coal mine roof disaster prevention and control

  • 摘要: 目前煤矿顶板灾害防治措施决策及事故原因分析等过程主要依赖人工经验,智能化水平较低。顶板灾害防治知识图谱可整合顶板灾害防治知识和经验,辅助顶板灾害事故原因分析和顶板灾害防治措施决策。提出了一种煤矿顶板灾害防治知识图谱构建方法。采用本体方法完成煤矿顶板灾害防治知识建模,将顶板灾害防治领域的概念分为矿井地质类、开采技术类、防治措施类和事故表征类,将概念之间的关系定义为使用、引发、易发、治理、预防和适用,为煤矿顶板灾害防治知识抽取(实体抽取和关系抽取)奠定基础;结合煤矿顶板灾害防治领域文本存在大量嵌套实体和关系之间存在实体重叠的特点,确定了基于跨度的实体抽取方法和基于依存句法树引导实体表示的关系抽取方法;构建了顶板灾害防治领域语料库,采用Neo4j图数据库存储数据,为顶板灾害防治知识图谱的应用提供数据来源支撑;展示了煤矿顶板灾害防治知识图谱局部构建结果,说明该知识图谱可辅助顶板灾害事故原因分析和防治措施决策,从而提高顶板管理的智能化水平;指出基于该知识图谱,结合自然语言处理和知识推理等技术,可实现顶板管理知识问答。

     

  • 图  1  煤矿顶板灾害防治领域概念分类

    Figure  1.  Conceptual classification of coal mine roof disaster prevention and control

    图  2  煤矿顶板灾害防治概念之间的关系类型

    Figure  2.  Relationship types of the concepts of coal mine roof disaster prevention and control

    图  3  煤矿顶板灾害防治知识图谱(局部)

    Figure  3.  Knowledge graph for coal mine roof disaster prevention and control (partial)

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2023-12-10
  • 修回日期:  2024-05-31
  • 网络出版日期:  2024-06-20

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