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深井救援技术与装备研究现状和发展趋势

文虎 侯宗宣 郑学召 蔡国斌 严瑞锦

文虎,侯宗宣,郑学召,等. 深井救援技术与装备研究现状和发展趋势[J]. 工矿自动化,2024,50(5):14-22, 35.  doi: 10.13272/j.issn.1671-251x.18175
引用本文: 文虎,侯宗宣,郑学召,等. 深井救援技术与装备研究现状和发展趋势[J]. 工矿自动化,2024,50(5):14-22, 35.  doi: 10.13272/j.issn.1671-251x.18175
WEN Hu, HOU Zongxuan, ZHENG Xuezhao, et al. Current research status and development trends of deep well rescue technology and equipment[J]. Journal of Mine Automation,2024,50(5):14-22, 35.  doi: 10.13272/j.issn.1671-251x.18175
Citation: WEN Hu, HOU Zongxuan, ZHENG Xuezhao, et al. Current research status and development trends of deep well rescue technology and equipment[J]. Journal of Mine Automation,2024,50(5):14-22, 35.  doi: 10.13272/j.issn.1671-251x.18175

深井救援技术与装备研究现状和发展趋势

doi: 10.13272/j.issn.1671-251x.18175
基金项目: 国家重点研发计划项目(2023YFC3010905);国家自然科学基金资助项目(52174197);陕西省应急救援装备能力评估项目(2023HZ1554)。
详细信息
    作者简介:

    文虎(1972—),男,新疆石河子人,教授,博士,博士研究生导师,研究方向为煤自燃预测预报、矿井火灾防治理论与技术及井下应急救援,E-mail:wenh@xust.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TD676

Current research status and development trends of deep well rescue technology and equipment

  • 摘要: 深井救援技术是指在深井事故救援过程中对被困人员进行救援各环节涉及的关键技术,主要包括环境侦测技术、生命探测技术、深井快速破拆技术、应急通信网络构建技术及保障深井事故救援顺利进行的其他辅助技术。深井救援装备是指在深井救援技术实施过程中必要的硬件装备和软件平台等。研究深井救援技术和装备对于保障被困人员生命安全、减少事故损失至关重要。分析了深井救援装备及关键技术的研究现状,指出现有的救援技术和装备并不能完全满足复杂多变的环境要求,存在救援装备的通用性与专用性研究不足、救援装备智能化程度有待提升、网络协同能力难以满足救援复杂环境要求、救援装备创新性研究不足等问题。针对上述问题,展望了深井救援装备与技术的发展趋势:① 深井救援装备应通过不同救援场景进行专用性和通用性划分,单一装备向多功能性、高可靠性、高机动性发展。② 救援装备智能化、精准化、自主决策化,实现智能装备为主、人员为辅的救援模式。③ 构建急速组网、多模式组网、一体化救援网络平台。④ 集成TDLAS虽然目前并没有达到救援标准,但其高分辨率、高灵敏度和可集成化在未来将会发挥重要作用,以实现环境监测装备的高集成、轻量化、高效化。

     

  • 图  1  2018−2023年全国深井困人事故情况

    Figure  1.  Deep well trapped personnel accidents in China from 2018 to 2023

    图  2  DTG3 ROV小型潜水机器人

    Figure  2.  DTG3 ROV small diving robot

    图  3  RAE Systems MultiRAE Pro气体检测器

    Figure  3.  RAE Systems MultiRAE Pro gas detector

    图  4  UWB雷达井下目标探测场景

    Figure  4.  Underground target detection scene with UWB radar

    图  5  ELIOS 3防碰撞侦测无人机

    Figure  5.  ELIOS 3 anti-collision detection drone

    图  6  T−53 救援机器人

    Figure  6.  T-53 rescue robot

    图  7  双动力双臂救援机器人

    Figure  7.  Rescue robot with dual-driver and dual-arm

    图  8  空天地一体化应急通信装备体系

    Figure  8.  Emergency communication equipment system with integrated of air and earth

    图  9  一种深井救援吊升装置

    Figure  9.  A lifting device for deep well rescue

    表  1  典型气体检测仪检测性能对比

    Table  1.   Comparison of typical gas detectors performance

    传感器 测量
    种类
    同时测量
    气体数量
    通信
    方式
    适用
    环境/℃
    分辨率/
    10−6
    MultiRAE2 1~30 6 无线通信 −20~50 0.1~1
    Honeywell BW Flex4 1~15 4 蓝牙 −40~60 1
    Honeywell BW Ultra 1~15 5 蓝牙 −20~50 1
    MicroRAE 4 4 无线通信 −40~50 1
    GasAlertMax XT II 4 4 −20~50 1
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2023-12-26
  • 修回日期:  2024-04-30
  • 网络出版日期:  2024-06-13

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