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深部冲击地压智能防控方法与发展路径
Intelligent prevention and control method of deep rock burst and its development path
【索引】潘俊锋,刘少虹,马文涛,等.深部冲击地压智能防控方法与发展路径[J].工矿自动化,2019,45(8):19-24.
【Reference】PAN Junfeng,LIU Shaohong,MA Wentao,et al.Intelligent prevention and control method of deep rock burst and its development path[J].Industry and Mine Automation,2019,45(8):19-24.
【DOI】10.13272/j.issn.1671-251x.17469
【作者】 潘俊锋1,2,刘少虹1,2,马文涛1,2,冯美华1,2,王书文1,2,高家明1,2
【Author】 PAN Junfeng1,2,LIU Shaohong1,2,MA Wentao1,2,FENG Meihua1,2,WANG Shuwen1,2,GAO Jiaming1,2
【作者机构】1.煤炭科学研究总院 开采研究分院, 北京100013;2.天地科技股份有限公司 开采设计事业部, 北京100013
【Unit】1.Coal Mining Branch, China Coal Research Institute, Beijing 100013, China; 2.Coal Mining and Designing Department, Tiandi Science and Technology Co., Ltd., Beijing 100013, China
【摘要】为了解决冲击地压威胁深部智能开采与防控人员安全问题,提出了深部冲击地压智能防控方法。基于基础静载荷诱发冲击地压启动的关键作用,指出深部冲击地压智能防控的理论基础是自动探测采掘空间内围岩基础静载荷,并实现智能化、精准化降低其集中程度,以提高后期获取增量静载荷、动载荷的门槛,从而达到冲击地压防控目的。提出了未来深部冲击地压智能防控研究发展路径:冲击地压灾害多源信息主动调度理论与方法,多源信息融合的防灾治灾方案专家库,高速交互智慧机器人与信息化装备,冲击地压灾害智能治理与复合灾害自适应技术,重大灾害防控效能自评价技术。
【Abstract】In order to solve the safety problem of deep intelligent mining and prevention and control personnel threatened by rock burst, an intelligent prevention and control method of deep rock burst was put forward. Based on the key role of foundational static load inducing rock burst initiation, theoretical basis of intelligent prevention and control of deep rock burst was proposed, which was to automatically detect the foundational static load of surrounding rock in mining space, and achieve intelligent and precise decrease of its concentration degree, so as to improve threshold of acquiring static load or dynamic load increment in later stage for achieving purpose of rock burst prevention and control. Development paths of researching intelligent prevention and control of deep rock burst in the future were put forward, which included active schedule theory and method of multi-source information of rock burst disaster, expert database of disaster prevention scheme based on multi-source information fusion, rapidly interactive and intelligent robot and informationized equipment, intelligent control of rock burst disaster and compound disaster self-adaption technology and effect self-evaluation technology of major disaster prevention and control.
【关键词】 深部开采; 智能开采; 深部冲击地压; 智能防控; 基础静载荷; 地震波CT成像
【Keywords】deep mining; intelligent mining; deep rock burst; intelligent prevention and control; foundational static load; seismic wave CT imaging
【文献出处】工矿自动化,2019年8期
【基金】国家重点研发计划项目(2016YFC0801401,2017YFC0804204);国家自然科学基金资助项目(51704055);中国煤炭科工集团面上基金资助项目(2017MS006)
【分类号】TD324
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