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井下金属结构近场耦合大环发射天线电磁波能量安全性分析

范思涵 杨维 刘俊波

范思涵,杨维,刘俊波. 井下金属结构近场耦合大环发射天线电磁波能量安全性分析[J]. 工矿自动化,2022,48(6):118-127.  doi: 10.13272/j.issn.1671-251x.2022030093
引用本文: 范思涵,杨维,刘俊波. 井下金属结构近场耦合大环发射天线电磁波能量安全性分析[J]. 工矿自动化,2022,48(6):118-127.  doi: 10.13272/j.issn.1671-251x.2022030093
FAN Sihan, YANG Wei, LIU Junbo. Analysis of electromagnetic wave energy safety of underground metal structure near-field coupled large loop transmitting antenna[J]. Journal of Mine Automation,2022,48(6):118-127.  doi: 10.13272/j.issn.1671-251x.2022030093
Citation: FAN Sihan, YANG Wei, LIU Junbo. Analysis of electromagnetic wave energy safety of underground metal structure near-field coupled large loop transmitting antenna[J]. Journal of Mine Automation,2022,48(6):118-127.  doi: 10.13272/j.issn.1671-251x.2022030093

井下金属结构近场耦合大环发射天线电磁波能量安全性分析

doi: 10.13272/j.issn.1671-251x.2022030093
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金资助项目(62071032)。
详细信息
    作者简介:

    范思涵(1997-),女,河南商丘人,硕士研究生,研究方向为宽带无线通信,E-mail:20120039@bjtu.edu.cn

    通讯作者:

    杨维(1964-),男,辽宁阜新人,教授,博士,长期从事矿井通信与安全监控方面的研究工作,E-mail:wyang@bjtu.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TD655

Analysis of electromagnetic wave energy safety of underground metal structure near-field coupled large loop transmitting antenna

  • 摘要: 当井下巷道内分布的金属结构处于大环发射天线近场时,会耦合大环发射天线的电磁波能量。一旦金属结构存在断点并发生刮擦,可能会以刮擦放电的形式产生放电火花并点燃瓦斯气体,对煤矿井下安全造成威胁。针对该问题,从近场耦合危险系数及安全距离2个方面分析了井下金属结构近场耦合大环发射天线电磁波能量的安全性。通过建立金属结构近场耦合大环发射天线电磁波能量等效电路,推导出近场耦合危险系数表达式和金属结构与大环发射天线之间的安全距离的表达式。分析了大环发射天线半径、金属结构等效接收线圈半径、刮擦放电火花负载、金属结构与大环发射天线之间的距离对近场耦合危险系数和安全距离的影响。仿真结果表明:近场耦合危险系数随大环发射天线半径的增大先稍增大再稍减小或一直增大;刮擦放电火花负载在一定条件下可使近场耦合危险系数达到峰值,当大环发射天线半径大于等于金属结构等效接收线圈半径时,峰值处的近场耦合危险系数有可能超过近场耦合危险系数临界值0.46,可能会造成危险;当大环发射天线半径小于金属结构等效接收线圈半径时,峰值处的近场耦合危险系数大部分情况下小于临界值0.46,造成危险的可能性较小;环发射天线半径在一定条件下可使近场耦合危险系数达到峰值,峰值处的近场耦合危险系数随金属结构等效接收线圈半径的增大先增大后减小,超过近场耦合危险系数临界值0.46的可能性较大,这种耦合在瓦斯气体环境中很可能造成危险。安全距离随大环发射天线半径的增大而增大,即刮擦放电火花负载上电磁波能量的安全性随大环发射天线半径的增大而降低;当大环发射天线半径大于等于金属结构等效接收线圈半径时,安全距离随金属结构等效接收线圈半径的增大而增大,即刮擦放电火花负载上电磁波能量的安全性随金属结构等效接收线圈半径的增大而降低;当大环发射天线半径小于金属结构等效接收线圈半径时,安全距离随金属结构等效接收线圈半径的增大先缓慢增大再减小,即刮擦放电火花负载上电磁波能量的安全性随金属结构等效接收线圈半径的增大先降低再升高。

     

  • 图  1  大环发射天线等效电路

    Figure  1.  Equivalent circuit of large loop transmitting antenna

    图  2  金属结构等效接收线圈电路

    Figure  2.  Metal structure equivalent receiving coil circuit

    图  3  金属结构近场耦合大环发射天线电磁波能量等效电路

    Figure  3.  Equivalent circuit of metal structure near-field coupled electromagnetic wave energy of large loop transmitting antenna

    图  4  近场耦合危险系数$ {\eta }_{2} $与刮擦放电火花负载${R}_{{\rm{L}}}$的关系

    Figure  4.  Relationship between the near-field coupling risk coefficient $ {\eta }_{2} $ and friction discharge spark load $ {R}_{{\rm{L}}} $

    图  5  近场耦合危险系数$ {\eta }_{2} $与大环发射天线半径a的关系

    Figure  5.  Relationship between near-field coupling risk coefficient $ {\eta }_{2} $ and radius a of the large loop transmitting antenna

    图  6  近场耦合危险系数$ {\eta }_{2} $和金属结构与大环发射天线之间的距离D的关系

    Figure  6.  Relationship between near-field coupling risk coefficient $ {\eta }_{2} $ and distance D between metal struture and large loop transmitting antenna

    图  7  近场耦合危险系数$ {\eta }_{2} $与金属结构等效接收线圈半径r的关系

    Figure  7.  Relationship between near-field coupling risk coefficient $ {\eta }_{2} $ and equivalent receiving coil radius r of the metal structure

    图  8  近场耦合危险系数$ {\eta }_{3} $和金属结构与大环发射天线之间的距离D的关系

    Figure  8.  Relationship between near-field coupling risk coefficient $ {\eta }_{3} $ and distance D between metal struture and large loop transmittingantenna

    图  9  近场耦合危险系数$ {\eta }_{3} $与大环发射天线半径a的关系

    Figure  9.  Relationship between near-field coupling risk coefficient $ {\eta }_{3} $ and radius a of the large loop transmitting antenna

    图  10  近场耦合危险系数$ {\eta }_{3} $与金属结构等效接收线圈半径r的关系

    Figure  10.  Relationship between near-field coupling risk coefficient $ {\mathrm{\eta }}_{3} $ and equivalent receiving coil radius r of the metal structure

    图  11  近场耦合危险系数$ {\eta }_{4} $与金属结构等效接收线圈半径r的关系

    Figure  11.  Relationship between near-field coupling risk coefficient $ {\eta }_{4} $ and equivalent receiving coil radius r of the metal structure

    图  12  安全距离$ {D}_{ \min} $与大环发射天线半径a的关系

    Figure  12.  Relationship between safe distance $ {D}_{\min} $ and radius a of the large loop transmitting antenna

    图  13  安全距离$ {D}_{{\rm{min}}} $与金属结构等效接收线圈半径r的关系

    Figure  13.  Relationship between safe distance $ {D}_{{\rm{min}}} $ and equivalent receiving coil radius r of the metal structure

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  • 收稿日期:  2022-03-29
  • 修回日期:  2022-05-31
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-04-24

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