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从煤矿机械化到自动化和智能化的发展与创新实践

王国法 杜毅博 陈晓晶 王晖 包建军 邢震 贺耀宜 韩安 顾义东

王国法,杜毅博,陈晓晶,等. 从煤矿机械化到自动化和智能化的发展与创新实践——纪念《工矿自动化》创刊50周年[J]. 工矿自动化,2023,49(6):1-18.  doi: 10.13272/j.issn.1671-251x.18132
引用本文: 王国法,杜毅博,陈晓晶,等. 从煤矿机械化到自动化和智能化的发展与创新实践——纪念《工矿自动化》创刊50周年[J]. 工矿自动化,2023,49(6):1-18.  doi: 10.13272/j.issn.1671-251x.18132
WANG Guofa, DU Yibo, CHEN Xiaojing, et al. Development and innovative practice from coal mine mechanization to automation and intelligence: Commemorating the 50th anniversary of the founding of Journal of Mine Automation[J]. Journal of Mine Automation,2023,49(6):1-18.  doi: 10.13272/j.issn.1671-251x.18132
Citation: WANG Guofa, DU Yibo, CHEN Xiaojing, et al. Development and innovative practice from coal mine mechanization to automation and intelligence: Commemorating the 50th anniversary of the founding of Journal of Mine Automation[J]. Journal of Mine Automation,2023,49(6):1-18.  doi: 10.13272/j.issn.1671-251x.18132

从煤矿机械化到自动化和智能化的发展与创新实践纪念《工矿自动化》创刊50周年

doi: 10.13272/j.issn.1671-251x.18132
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金重点资助项目(51834006)。
详细信息
    作者简介:

    王国法(1960—),男,山东文登人,中国工程院院士,中国煤炭科工集团首席科学家,博士研究生导师,E-mail:wangguofa@tdkcsj.com

  • 中图分类号: TD713

Development and innovative practice from coal mine mechanization to automation and intelligence: Commemorating the 50th anniversary of the founding of Journal of Mine Automation

  • 摘要: 回顾《工矿自动化》杂志推动和见证中国煤炭50年从煤矿机械化到自动化和智能化发展与创新实践的发展概况,阐述了煤矿自动化和智能化的创新历程。对煤矿信息基础设施、自动化及智能化装备和系统的研发与实践进行了分析。实现异构网络融合与统一承载是煤矿自动化、智能化的信息基础。在主干网+接入网异构网络不断成熟的基础上,有线通信传输速率已达10 Gibit/s以上,5G和WiFi6等无线通信技术得到广泛应用,为煤矿智能化建设提供了可靠的通信平台;将有线通信、无线通信、IP广播、人员位置监测系统、视频监控系统融合,构建多网融合通信系统,实现了融合承载网络与统一位置服务。煤矿自动化、智能化装备发展迅速,采煤工作面在实现工作面采煤机记忆截割、液压支架自动跟机移架等技术的基础上,探索基于透明地质的工作面自适应截割技术、自动放煤控制技术等;掘进工作面在实现仿形截割、定位导航、远程控制的基础上,针对钻锚一体化、多机协同、基于地质模型的掘进截割模板规划等技术进行攻关,取得较好效果;智能变频节能传动支撑煤流运输系统智能装备发展;煤矿机器人集成研发及应用,巡检机器人成熟应用,智能辅助作业机器人得到攻关,多场景机器人集群调度指挥系统研发形成机器人集群。煤矿自动化和智能化建设由单系统自动化、矿井综合自动化、矿山物联网阶段正式迈入智能矿山综合管控阶段,实现智能感知、智能自控、高速传输、协同管控和智能决策是智能化发展的必然要求。提出了煤矿智能化技术迭代发展重点方向,包括建立高精度透明地质模型、无人操作系统常态化可靠运行、构建煤矿巨系统智能化兼容与协同机制、“掘、采、运、洗、销”全流程智能协同管控、优化柔性煤炭生产供给体系。

     

  • 图  1  井下精确定位系统架构

    Figure  1.  Architecture of underground precise positioning system

    图  2  智能矿山信息基础设施架构

    Figure  2.  Architecture of intelligent mine information infrastructure

    图  3  采煤工作面自动控制系统架构

    Figure  3.  Architecture of coal working face automatic control system

    图  4  基于地质模型的掘进机截割模板规划

    Figure  4.  Cutting template planning of roadheader based on geological model

    图  5  永磁同步变频调速一体式电动滚筒系统

    Figure  5.  Permanent magnet synchronous variable frequency speed regulation integrated electric roller system

    图  6  矿山物联网系统体系架构

    Figure  6.  Architecture of mine Internet of things system

    图  7  矿井泛在感知无线自组网系统

    Figure  7.  Mine ubiquitous perception wireless ad hoc network system

    图  8  智能矿山综合管控体系架构

    Figure  8.  Architecture of intelligent mine comprehensive control system

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2023-05-25
  • 修回日期:  2023-06-10
  • 网络出版日期:  2023-06-19

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